African Grey Parrots

The African grey parrot is one of the most commonly kept large parrots in homes throughout the world. They may lack the brilliant coloring of their macaw cousins, but they more than make up for it with their staggering verbal abilities. This makes them a very popular species.

The average African grey’s extensive vocabulary demonstrates the intensity of their intelligence. They are known to give appropriate verbal responses in unrehearsed situations without coaching. Many owners claim to “converse” with their African greys.

Congo African Grey Parrot

However, perhaps an unfortunate side effect to their intelligence, they are known to be excessively fearful and phobic. This hyper-sensitivity to handling and to their environment is often demonstrated with fear based behaviors, such as unwillingness to interact and biting.

Tragically, the unhappy grey eventually gets around to feather plucking. In fact, in captivity the ratio of unplucked to plucked African greys is about three to one: a remarkably high percentage.

Don't Let Your Bird Be a Statistic

Many of the plucked and fearful African greys in captivity come from what most would consider to be good homes with conscientious people who provide good care but have missed or misinterpreted the warning signs.

African grey parrot

  • Does your bird show reluctance to step up on your hand?
  • Does he lunge for your fingers when you reach for him?
  • Does he retreat to the corner of his cage when you or another family member come near?

These are all vivid indications that trouble is brewing with your African grey. No doubt you are scratching your head right now wondering where you went wrong, and more importantly, wondering how you can fix it!

How to keep your African Grey from being unhappy

You have a species of bird that is fearful by nature which makes it constantly on high alert and looking for things to be of which to be afraid! It’s a vicious cycle that needs to be broken.

The key to a happy African grey begins and ends with confidence. A confident bird feels secure and trusts that his environment is safe. A confident bird welcomes new toys in its cage, doesn’t have a meltdown during thunder storms, and regards the family dog as a nuisance and nothing more.

African grey parrot

You will accomplish this by creating a deep and lasting bond with your bird. Once trust is established, the world is a much less threatening place. Confidence grows as each new experience has a positive result, and the timid African grey discovers there is nothing to be afraid of after all.

Your African Grey is Waiting for You to Show Him or Her the Way

Birds innately recognize the fact that there is safety in numbers. Our companion parrots want and need the security of a trusting relationship with their humans because they consider us flock mates.

African grey pet parrot

The fastest way to a bird’s heart is usually through its stomach; most birds will not pass up an opportunity to earn a treat. This fact makes it easy to begin training with positive reinforcement. Whether it is your intention to train your bird to do elaborate tricks, or whether you simply want to use training as a tool to establish and retain trust; our Reality Series “One Day Miracles” will show you how to change your relationship with your African grey. It will also show you how to help it to become confident and happy.

37 comments

B. Mikkelson

Thank you for the information, this will help a lot. We’ve had her for over 10 years, before that she was with a family for 5 years. They never took her out of her cage. She was bald when they gave her to us. She has feathers now. We also have a blue and gold, they hate each other! Charlie is the Grey, they thought she was a boy, after being here fr a few months she payed 3 eggs. Anyway it’s hard keeping them apart. They want to hurt each other. Sorry, I’m rambaling. Thank you again

B. Mikkelson
Scott & Ben Thomson

Hey there. I’ve been watching your YouTube channel for a couple of years now and periodically tried some recommendations. I’ve changed Zac’s diet to the Organic Pellets and Sunflower and Nut Free seed mix to enable us to use treats. I have also bought a clicker but haven’t used it yet. We’ve got a large cage in the hall where all 3 of us pass a lot but bring him down to sit on the coffee tree stand in the living room every night. He is actually female( after laying an egg a few years ago). He talks, dances, walks around the house even with the cats; they’re more afraid of him. When I lived at home 25 years ago I was really attached and had no issues. I left home and married my Partner and have adopted Zac into our home. He can’t fly very well but doesn’t try to unless shocked. When we let him wander the floor he goes for our toes. He loves a head scratch but is always on the verge of Turing round to bit us, or my folks or my Nana; right through the nail and feel enough for stitching. We can move him from place to place using “up-up” onto a stick(perch) to move from place to place. We want Zac to step up, on our hands, head scratch without and inevitable bite. I used to cuddle Zac when I stayed at home, he(she) stepped up and never bit. I’m happy to pay for an ongoing training package to maximise the benefit as he’ll hopefully be with us for another 30 years! We love what you do and could do with your help. Please contact me to arrange a package. Obvs it’ll be Zoom cos we’re in Scotland, Unless you guys are planning a holiday in the UK! Hopefully talk soon. Scott.

Scott & Ben Thomson
ella tizzard

thank you i am going to get a african grey and this helped me out

ella tizzard
Amanda M Linden

Hello I have had my grey since I was 14 years old (I’m 39 right now) and I got him as a fledgling and I finished weeing him. At about 5 years old he started picking and I brought him to the vet as soon as I saw the trimmed feathers. The Vet just said that he is a feather picker and there is nothing that can be done to stop it.( I don’t think that is true) his diet consists mostly of pellets (I use Pretty bird gold. it is free of dyes and preservitives and he has been on it from the beginning) he gets fruits and nuts (loves peacans, cashues, and almonds) and whatever I eat I usually give him some (I don’t give him anything that contains avacods, chocolate or fruit seeds) he loves cheese, and meat of all kinds. I think when he turned ten years old he started biting Hard and lunging. I remember the times when he’d just sit on my lap and get head scratches and not being a biter. he use to sit on a perch at the table and eat with us but once he started biting that’s when it stopped. the feather picking gets worst during the winter (Right now, he has picked all of his tail feathers, most of his back and chest feathers and some of his wing feathers). He plays with all kinds of toys he fears the vacume cleaner and large boxes. everytime he request for a head scratch, I make a move to do it but get bit soon after I reach over to give him head scratches. I do not trust him any more and neither does anyone else in my family (Except for my sister who he adores even though she pays little to no attenchen to) but that doesn’t mean I’m giving up on Argee. I want this to work. So, What needs to be done? what is the first step? I need to regain trust but I don’t know how to start Please help

Amanda M Linden
Cecilia

First, you guys are talented and really know your stuff. I truly admire you. Here’s my problem I hope you can help with. I am a retired prof living alone. An elderly lady asked me to take her Grey because she couldn’t take take of the bird and her ailing husband. I’ve had cockatiels most of my life but not now. Poppy is only a year and a half old. I’ve had her for 6 months. About a month and a half ago Poppy started plucking. She has a large cage which she loves spending time in even though the door is open. She loves being with me. She doesn’t bite. She talks a lot and sings. She is not at all afraid of new toys. She is cautious around new people but not scared. She can ask for things she wants. She willingly steps up and down. I never force her. She came to me with wings cut way too short. He flight feathers are starting to grow in but she doesn’t know how to fly, though she seems to really want to. She appears to be a happy, well adjusted bird. Blood work was clear. The only problem I see is that she doesn’t like to bathe but I watched your video and will try your approach. But she won’t stop plucking and I’m scared for her. Do you have any advice?

Cecilia
Emily

I just wanted to give some encouragement to all the fellow CAG family members. We have had our 7 year old little girl, Rosie, for over 6 years. She hasn’t bitten in years, is not phobic or fearful in the least (excluding cork toys) and is extremely affectionate – demanding cuddles several times a day and before bedtime. We had a lot of the same issues many of you had in the first few months after getting her. Our approach, other than following most of what birdtricks’ teaches, was to be excessively patient involve Rosie in almost every aspect of our lives. We both work partially from home, and she is only in her cage/bedroom at bedtime and when we leave the house, so not very much at all. I haven’t had a shower without her in 6 years, and she even has her own spot at the dining table for meal times. We have taken her hiking and she has made a cockatoo friend in our neighborhood, and regularly has play dates with him. She even came to visit me in the hospital every day when I received a kidney transplant. My advice to all of you – consider your bird a family member, not a pet. They are incredible little creatures, and have so much capacity for love, understanding, empathy, and knowledge. Persevere and love your little feather bundle of fun. They don’t care what you look like, what clothes you are wearing, how much you make at your job, or what kind of car you drive – they just care about spending time with you. Good luck and happy birdies to all

Emily
Natasha

Hello i have yet another question i have now had my african grey for more than 3 weeks today i had a visit from a very good friend my parrot seemed fine with it no agressive behavior but he did behave badly with one thing i have a blender and the parrot destroyed the cord of the blender wich is used to turning the blender on he havent done that before he have always stayed away from cords like that we had to remove the blender cause everytime i took him away from the blender he would fly right back to it could this be because he is jealous of my friend because me and my friend was talking he has plenty of toys as well he could play with so im unsure about why he did that

Natasha
Noufail

Hi from Mauritius , I just found out about you while researching about African Greys. I owned a baby grey about twenty years ago, but gave it back to the breeder when we had our first child, fearing we would not have enough time fir both. I just got Shadow, a baby grey two weeks ago and enjoying hand rearing him. I look forward to learn a lot more from you guys.

Noufail
Traci Burnam

I just adopted an African Grey who is 20 years old. She had one owner who is moving out of the country and could not take her to the new location. She said my name the first night we brought her home! I was blown away. She was alone in her cage way too much and is very phobic of everything. She does not step up for me yet, but she is doing great with target training- and as of today, will even target over my hand (still not stepping up on my hand yet though.) I am incredibly inspired by your work with Bean and hope she will eventually be a confident enough bird to come out and have a life with us. <3

Traci Burnam
Catrina Hancock

Hello, I’m having similar situation as BROWNING MEJIA. My mom had bought an Congo African Grey named Ozzy from a pet store when he was 5 years old. He is now 20. She said when she brought him home he was very gentle . He would perch on her hand and arm. She said she was able to get him out of his cage. Then she had to leave out of town and had a friend take care of him for about a week. When she came back it was like he was a different bird. She said you couldn’t even touch him without him biting. She would have to put a towel over him to even get him out of his cage , SO I have inherit Ozzy. It seems like he is scared of everything, I have gotten him were he will take food out of your hand now and he lets me rub his head. But I’m the only one that he will allow to touch him. When my husband comes close by he fluffs up and sways . Ozzy will come out of his cage only if no one is close by, But as soon as he see you he heads back in his cage. I was just wondering if you would have any suggestions on how to get him to be more comfortable when he is out of his cage and any suggestions on how to get him to quit biting?

Catrina Hancock
Carole Winchell

I have a 4 yr old African Grey I raised from 2 months. I didn’t know about you until he was 1yr. His little toenails ripped my hands so I used a perch. All went well until last summer..harmonal, molting, he lunged & broke skin 2×. I trained with him in a perch with bandaids & high gear, have not been able to get past it. How do I get over the fear & protect my fingers? He does touch training, but no gettin on hands. HELP PLEASE!

Carole Winchell
Elizabeth Murray

We have the privilege of sharing our lives with Itsy-Bitsy a one year old Timneh Grey. Why is she so satisfied to spin all day on top of my head? Is it her nest? She is calm and a great companion but on top of my head.

Elizabeth Murray
Prashanth

I am looking for Macaw eggs. i am living n srilanka. could you please help me to find, if you can. thank you

Prashanth
SANDRA NUN

My African Gray won’t step up, he be yes me but he goes on hubby’s finger, he adores him but bites me, why, I’m the one that feeds clean and gives him treats, his name is Peewee

SANDRA NUN
Beca Vista

I have a African gray that is 10 years old we’ve had him since he was 3 months old he has learned my name and when ever he wants anything it’s always Becky Becky Becky even if he is wanting the attention of my husband he screams Becky we’ve been trying to teach him other names and he says them but when he is in need of me I just don’t know how to handle it But he will not let me touch his head and he wanting to be next to me all the time

Beca Vista
bruce mchattie

Hi. Our jungle chicken is called Missy and is 4 years old. we have had her from a baby. She is very well connected to me but does speak my wife and daughter though they don’t handle her. Was wondering what the best way to greet her when I come home is. Is it to go straight over and make a fuss, or wait until I have said hi to everyone else in my house? Thanks

bruce mchattie
Carole Winchell

I bought a baby African Grey who is now 4 yrs. prolific talker! This year started lunging. Do I get his nails trimmed although I have only sandy perches ..no help. He like walnuts to train..tried to change, but prefers walnuts. I use your recipes. He’s hard to work with when we used to train all day. I watch body language for readiness to work. He plays in a 10×8 abiary of stainless steel indoors. I have many of your videos, but not all. Do I have his toenail clipped? I hesitate because it scares him at the avian vet.

Carole Winchell
Kelly

Hey, I bought a 7 year old African grey parrot and he likes to come on our hands only when he is at the top of the cage. If he is inside the cage and we offer our hand and treat he makes a clicking sound and nibbles on my hand. Why does he do this?

Kelly
John Wildeman

Have had a CAG for some 19 years now. Recently she started biting me REALLY,REALLY hard. I’m going to try the clikcer training. Hopefully she will stop trying to eat me and go back to the wonderful friend she used to be. Oh by the way, I feed her Harrison’s pellets. I knew Greg when he was first overdeveloping his food. he would give me a bag and say" Hey John see f your bird will start eating this" He is a great guy and I often think of our times just sitting in his clinic and talking about birds/

John Wildeman
Stephanie Barrett

I am hoping you can offer me some advice on my Grey. She’s 8 months old and very tame, loving and secure. On May 4th, I had a man come in to clean my ducts. I had no idea what to expect. He came into the house with a 10" vacuum hose, and ran it through the house. My girl freaked out completely. I brought her upstairs to my bathroom, and she never saw it again. Since then however, she has started chewing on her feathers. I am so afraid for her. Nothing ever bothered her before, but I think this was very traumatic for her. Any suggestions? She is out of her cage except for when I am at work or to sleep. Thanks very much.

Stephanie Barrett
Roger Leclercq

How long should my African Gray’s beak be We are 3rd or 4th owner. We were told she was 23 when we got her and we have had her for 8+ years we feed her Katee forti diet and pellets as well as veggies she also loves cashews and a occasional cheeto as well as chicken and a small piece of steak I love your videos and is your brother still around

Roger Leclercq
Lino Camilleri

Been rearing parrots from their weaning days up to breeding maturity and this year should be d breakthrough, however with no success for now. Have 2 pairs Amazon, 1 pair of Grey’s, 1 pair of Senegal and 1 of Ringnecks. Love interacting with them and they look promising. Love any information I could lay hands on so to check my practices and to learn others. Found your breed information interesting although generic. Thanks.

Lino Camilleri
Robert Dalton

I have an African Grey that doesn’t like nuts and only takes fruits as treats. She gets sick of one fruit and I have to change the treat (she will do a trick and I offer the treat and she drops it). Her favorite is blue berries but now she’s not eating those as treats either. Training has come to a stop because of this. Please help cause I don’t know what to do at this point.

Robert Dalton
Gino De Backer

Hi! I am the proud owner of a 21 year old African grey named Kyra (pronounced Kira in Dutch). I bought him when he was 7 weeks old so we have a strong emotional connection. I’d be lost without him. I can get him to do several tricks (if he feels like it) but I would like to teach him how to play fetch. I saw it on another Youtube channel (wingsNpaws/Bird Plays Fetch) but I am a bit stuck. IF he goes after the ball he won’t return it to me (although it is very light). AND if I want to take the ball from him (to try again) he becomes very defensive and sometimes agressive. I haven’t seen you play fetch with one of your birds so I was wondering if you could make a video on how to teach this trick to a parrot. I stopped the fetch training for now pending your reply or video. Thank you for your youtube channel. Love it! Even after more then 21 years I am still learning new stuff. Thanks to you! Grts. Gino (Belgium)

Gino De Backer
Elli Reidinger

I just inherited an African Grey who has been in his cage with almost no interaction for almost 10 years. He likes to talk but he won’t let me touch him without biting me. When he comes out of his cage we can’t get him back in and he doesn’t know how to fly. So when he tries to fly around he crashes into everything.

Elli Reidinger

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