Why You Shouldn’t Let Your Birds Breed

blue throated macaws

I think this spring season has been the hardest one I have dealt with in a very long time. My two formerly egg-less female birds have both produced their first eggs this year – in the case of my goffins cockatoo, the only one in 28 years. It is an ongoing battle that calls for constant changes to the environment to keep her and Libby, my quaker, from any further laying.

The male cockatiels spend every second of their out of cage time in the search for someplace dark and nesty and I find myself fishing them out of the half full boxes that remain present from my recent move.

My umbrella cockatoo is a hormonal wreck. His droppings alternate between water-y and normal. His posture is sometimes sagging and he makes very strange sounds – even while he is napping. His mood is questionable at all times. These behaviors have all sent me to the vet in the past – I know now this is normal for him during a rough season, but I have still been looking for a pair of “kid gloves” with which to handle him.

From what I am hearing and reading, this has not been an easy breeding season for many people. From all over the world this year, I have been made aware of similar problems…it makes me wonder if something more than love is in the air this spring.

For those of us with multiple birds, especially those with both genders of a single species, this is a time to be particularly cautious. We all know what might happen if your male and female birds are in close quarters, but when hormones are raging, just the presence of the opposite sex can send your male bird into a hormonal abyss and could start your female over-producing eggs.

Mating does NOT need to occur for a female bird to lay eggs. Breeding hormones are manufactured when an environment is perceived as appropriate for breeding, and will cause a female to lay clutches of unfertilized eggs. Egg production takes a big toll on the female bird’s body and robs it of calcium. Chronic egg-laying presents numerous health hazards.

Perhaps a bigger problem is the clutch of fertile eggs.

I find it necessary to do a post at least once a year that warns people away from breeding situations with their companion birds.

We are human beings – we are entirely unlike birds both physically and emotionally. It is arrogant and presumptuous to have the idea that we can successfully stumble through the raising of a hatchling without some sort of training. Ask yourself these questions:

  • Do you know how to hand feed to prevent aspiration?
  • Do you know how often and how much to a feed a chick during the different stages of their development?
  • Do you know at what temperature to feed the formula?
  • Do you understand how quickly the crop should drain?
  • Do you know what the proper environment temperature and humidity level should be for a newly hatched chick? For a two week old chick? Three weeks?
  • Do you know how to wean a bird?
  • Do you understand that lifelong emotional problems can erupt from improper weaning?
  • Do you know that health issues arise when a bird is kept on hand feeding formula for too long?
  • Do you know how easy it is to fail in any or all of the above and kill a clutch of baby birds?

If it is your intention to let your birds do all the parenting, know that it doesn’t always turn out that way and your involvement might be required. Not all birds make good parents and I believe this to be especially true of captive birds.

rose breasted cockatoo

It is hard work to raise baby birds. It requires appropriate equipment, time, patience, and know-how. Do not presume that your intuition will guide you through this experience. Birds are completely different in their physical design and their babies need care that humans would not instinctively provide.

I understand the urge to let your birds breed. I understand the warm feelings that come with the idea of watching your male and female birds start a family under your roof. No one loves a naked baby bird more than me. But all of those tender thoughts will turn cold when the babies start getting sick and dying and you have no idea what to do.

We get mail CONSTANTLY from people looking for help because something has gone wrong. This is particularly troubling for us because we are unable to help them. If a person were experienced enough to recognize the things that caused an illness or injury, the things someone would need to describe in order to get the appropriate help, they wouldn’t need help. It is dangerous to try to diagnose a health problem over the internet –it results in educated guesses which may well cause more damage if wrong.

We are not breeders and we don’t ever promote the breeding of companion birds by owners who lack experience. Taking that one step further, I would like to see all the rescues empty before breeding any more birds in captivity. Consider that if you want to expand your flock.

I encourage you to learn how to control your birds’ environment to curb the production of egg whether they are fertile or not: click here.

Author Patty Jourgensen specializes in avian health, behavior and nutrition and has been working with and caring for rescue birds since 1987. 



Very true. There is way too many birds stuck in rescues and it’s sad that people would want more out there. It would be neat to see your birds have babies but to people who don’t have experience it wouldn’t end well for the birds. I think people are easily enticed to breed birds because of the high price they can charge and wanting to experience it, but it’s really just mean with thousands of birds out there locked in cages with no real home. I have heard of lots of people giving up on their birds, they live for a long time and can be really messy and really noisy at times. They aren’t for everyone and unfortunately there is lots of people who decide to buy a baby bird without doing their homework, only to keep it a short while and then realize it’s way too much of a commitment for them and get rid of it. The big picture is that there is plenty of birds out there looking for homes and breeding more only adds to the problem. sure everyone loves getting a pet as a baby but getting an older abandoned bird is just as cool. I adopted a 20year old cockatoo and I wouldn’t trade her for 10 babies! I hope that the people out there who do decide to breed birds are careful and educated and do everything correctly to avoid any deaths and bad situations.


Murray (female Senegal) is having a remarkably unremarkable year, hormonally speaking. It was last year that was hell on wheels…..took her until almost Thanksgiving to get back to normal. She never laid a single egg…she just got super frustrated, territorial & just plain mean.


Great Article! Thank you! Just had a full blood work-up on my Patagonian Conure, because of watery urine, and aggressive behavior/different. He seems to be loving all his toys and feeding them. I hope this passes! lol

Nancie Abdallah

Just don’t breed birds. Period. Have you guys ever worked, volunteered or been to a sanctuary. there are way too many birds that have been surrendered do to loss of job, new baby, got bored with, death in the family…the list goes on and on. Please adopt, foster, volunteer, donate the money you would spend on a breeder pair, to a local bird rescue that needs the money for, vet care and food. Most of these people spend their own personal money on vet care, medicine and food. There are too many bird out there that need forever homes…Please help. It’s for the birds. No pun intended.

Nancie Abdallah

I don’t believe in breeding your flock esp if they are companion birds plus there are soo many in need of lov8ng homes. Even young ones. Its sad birtricts buys birds that are hybred & made to mix in captivity. Not so natural. Also to own a bird like a blue throated macaw & support breeders when they are having so much trouble in the wild as well. Or brag about working for barlem & baley circus from what I read & researched some of the terrible care they provide & training of their animals…. id never go to the circus they aren’t an act. The zoo to learn & they help preserve nature not make it a freek show. I love birdtricks advice but I feel a lot of conflicting points throughout your blogs…. patty & mell seem to be the only 2 with real educational study not just reading, researching, learning. It’s great but I have as well as a lot of my friends…. I wouldn’t call me a professional without the proper education which next semester I should be starting! Super stoked & has the rest of the team considered getting a degree so we could trust their beliefs without a doubt!


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